Supply and Demand Forex: A Price Action Trader’s Guide

supply and demand trading cheat sheet

What is Supply and Demand?

Supply and Demand represent the two most powerful forces of the forex market. Demand means the number of buyers buying a security in the market. Supply means the number of sellers selling a security in the market. Large supply takes the price to move down and large demand takes the price to move up. Balance in both forces will keep the price in sideways movement.

supply and demand

It is the most basic and essential element for technical analysis as well as fundamental analysis. It is the key to understand the forex market.

The main benefit of S&D in technical analysis is to capture a Pinpoint entry exactly from where banks start buying and selling. Another Main benefit is that we can increase our risk-reward using a tight stop-loss or an open take profit with a breakeven.

How supply & demand works?

There are two types of states of the price of a security in technical analysis

  • Balanced state
  • Unbalanced state

In a balanced state, the price is moving in a range like moving sideways. Simply means forces of buyers and sellers are balanced. Both of them don’t have the ability to create a trend either bearish or bullish trend. After breakout (usually happens in London session) of this sideways (range) movement of price, imbalance in price occur. And after the breakout, the recent range will be called a base zone and the price will again come to this base zone to pick unfilled orders.

balance and imbalance

How to identify supply and demand zones?

Supply and Demand zones are formed on the base region of price on the chart. There are basically two types of movement of price in technical analysis.

  • Impulsive move
  • Retracement move

The impulsive move represents the price movement of market makers. Retracement move indicates base regions where market makers decide their next direction either to go up or down. Price moves from one base region to another base region in technical analysis.

drop base drop

S&D Trading is to just figure out zones to open and close orders.

There are four basic concepts of demand and supply in forex.

  • Rally Base Rally (RBR)
  • Rally Base Drop (RBD)
  • Drop Base Rally (DBR)
  • Drop Base Drop (DBD)
Drop base drop
rally base rally
demand zone
rally base drop

Key Points

Simple Formula = Big candle + base candle + Big Candle

  • Body to wick ratio of the big candle should be more than 75%
  • Body to wick ratio of the base candle should be less than 50%

Have a look at the picture below

key points

These zones are everywhere on the chart I will show you at the end of this Article. The Above image is of Drop Base Rally type of S&D. See in the chart above Market comes down to this level and just picked orders from the demand zone and went away. Supply and Demand is the Ever-Green Technique of forex technical analysis.

How to draw supply and demand zones?

To draw a Supply or Demand zone, follow the following steps

  • Measure the range of the base region of price on the chart
  • Mark the highest and lowest point of the base region on the chart
  • Draw a zone by meeting the highest & lowest points of the region, then extend it appropriately to right on the chart of a currency pair

Time matters a lot to identify strong forex supply and demand zones. Because less time spent by the price at a certain base zone indicates a more powerful zone and more unfilled orders at the recent base zone. On the other hand, more time spent by the price at a certain base zone indicates a less powerful zone and less unfilled orders by institutions.

strong S&D zones

Another method to identify strong supply and demand zones is by using the Fibonacci tool. Most of the Supply and demand zones between Fibonacci 61.8 and 78 levels are stronger.

During drawing a base zone in forex supply and demand trading, remember to not go far back in history for finding a base zone because it’s common sense that institutions will not be going to hold their trades for years or months during intraday trading. I’m not talking about swing or long-term trading here.

How to draw supply and demand zone correctly

How to trade supply and demand?

Supply and demand trading is not tough. Just simple is to look for the best and fresh base zones and that base zone will act as the entry zone. Stop loss will be few pips above or below the base zone depending on the timeframe.

For example in the case of Rally base Rally, we will draw a zone at the low and high of the base candle. like in the below image.

In the case of RBR, a Pending buy order will be placed one to two pips above the base zone (remember to include spread) and stop loss will be a few pips below the zone (remember to include spread).

trade supply and demand

Disadvantage of supply & demand zone

The disadvantage of supply and demand zone trading is that this technique will never tell you about the take profit level. Its obvious price is moving from one zone to another zone but there is an unlimited number of zones on the chart that’s why Supply and demand zone trading doesn’t tell us about the take profit level.

There are many strategies to tackle with this like if you are trading a simple trend line breakout then after trend line breakout and pull back in the price we will confirm precise entry from a demand or supply zone with a tight stop loss and high risk-reward ratio.

Key Point to Remember:

The number of Base candles indicates the strength of the zone. More base candles more weak a zone will be. On the other hand, the fewer number of base candles more strong the zone will be. I will show you in chat how to draw zone and some other examples in a single chart.

demand zone

Unlimited zones

Now I will explain How the supply and demand zone is everywhere in the chart just you need the right angle to see the chart like a pro. A pro trader never changes timeframes again and again. A pro trader can analyze all the timeframes just from a single timeframe. Now Let me show you a chart.

drop base drop
rally base rally

All in one image

supply and demand in forex

Watch the video below about supply and demand forex

Supply and Demand Forex | Rally base Rally supply demand | Explained

Supply and Demand Cheat Sheet

The cheat sheet includes a comprehensive guide to identify and draw supply and demand zones. Everything has been explained about RBR, DBD, DBR and RBD.

supply and demand trading cheat sheet
cheat sheet

SnD Trading Strategy with Price Action

The supply and demand zones in forex are used for the exact entry point with a tight stop loss. Price moves from one zone to another zone. I don’t use supply and demand to find take profit level. Here I will explain a simple trend line breakout system with supply and demand zone. This is just to show you how it will work. Any strategy with the supply and demand zone technique will improve your method a lot.

Trend line method with S&D

There is a good trendline drawn in the image below. After the breakout of the trend line, the price gave a pullback to the demand zone to fill the unfilled orders and start a new impulsive move. Big moves show the direction of market makers and big banks.

The Stop-loss level is just below the demand zone and entry in on the high of demand zone. It is a high risk-reward setup shown to you for clarification of supply and demand zone trading.

demand and supply strategy

General rules to follow

Four things to remember while looking for a supply or demand zone

  • Time spent by price in base zone
  • Number of base candles
  • Time price took to pull back towards a base zone
  • Location of Supply or Demand zone

In Summary

If you want to ask me about the most basic concept of technical analysis, then I will say “supply and demand”. There is always a tug of war between supply and demand in the market. Base zones are the footprints of market makers, When you will try to read the price on the chart, you will see price picking orders from one base zone and then staying for a while on another zone.

I will recommend you to backtest this supply and demand trading method by taking at least 100 samples. This will improve your trading a lot. Without backtesting, you will not be able to learn it properly.

Teach a Parrot the terms ‘Supply and Demand’ and you’ve got an Economist.

I hope you will like this Article. For any Questions Comment below, also share by below links.

Note: All the viewpoints here are according to the rules of technical analysis. we are not responsible for any type of loss in forex trading.

You’re not alone! we know how frustrating it can be when you spend hours on technical analysis, but don’t find any profitable trades.

If you are serious about trading you need more than just signals, and we can help.

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27 comments
  1. i thnk you so must sir …..but on the last chart where you draw so much .i did not see where exacty the entry points otherwise its my 1st time you make me understand the s.n.d zones …i thank you so ,much and now i will practise it on chats

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